NPM 2020

UK NATIONAL PREVENTIVE MECHANISM’S RESPONSE TO COVID-19

The UK NPM has raised concerns over how the COVID-19 outbreak puts people in detention and staff at significant levels of risk in a letter sent to the Secretary of State for Justice Robert Buckland QC MP.

In this factsheet we highlight some approaches being taken across the NPM to ensure monitoring continues and adapts appropriately to COVID-19. 

See our Twitter page for regular updates on how NPM members are responding to the emergency and taking forward their role to prevent ill-treatment in detention.

 

CPT REPORT ON DETENTION IN ENGLAND, 2019

On 3o April 2020, the Council of Europe’s Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT) published a report on their targeted follow-up visit to England. The NPM welcomes the comprehensive report. We welcome also the CPT’s recommendation that UK authorities take such steps as may be necessary to ensure that the NPM is fully in compliance with OPCAT requirements.

Read our statement to the report.

 

PUBLICATION OF TWO NEW REPORTS FROM THE UK NATIONAL PREVENTIVE MECHANISM

The UK NPM published our Tenth Annual Report and a report to mark our 10 year anniversary on 26 March 2020.

Each year, the NPM publishes an annual report to update the public on the situation in detention across the UK. In the report for 2018-19, we outline some of the key developments in policy and legislation on issues relating to people in detention, and an overview of the NPM’s findings relating to detention during the year.

The UK was one of the first countries to ratify OPCAT and set up a National Preventive Mechanism. Ten years on from the creation of the UK NPM in 2009, we look back at the positive impact we have had on preventing torture and ill-treatment and on upholding the rights of people in detention.

 

VISIT FROM THE UNITED NATION’S SUBCOMMITTEE ON PREVENTION OF TORTURE

On the 9th – 18th September 2019, the United Nation’s Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture (SPT) carried out their first ever country visit to the United Kingdom.

The SPT have a mandate to advise and assist national preventive mechanisms on preventing torture and ill-treatment in places of detention. NPM members welcomed this visit, and were pleased that the delegation were able to shadow NPM members on visits to places of detention. We look forward to receiving the SPT’s report to the UK NPM.

For updates on the report from the SPT, please follow us on @UKNPM

 

PUBLICATION OF NPM NINTH ANNUAL REPORT 2017-18

The NPM’s Ninth Annual Report was published on 29 January 2019. It gives an overview of the inspection and monitoring findings of the NPM’s 21 member organisations, who work across all places of detention in the UK. The report highlights concerns about the safety of detainees and improper use of restraint on vulnerable detainees.

The publication of the report comes ahead of the NPM’s 10th anniversary on 31 March 2019 and a year of scrutiny of the UK by the Committee against Torture in its periodic review of the UK followed by a visit from the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture.

NPM Chair John Wadham commented on the report.

 

PUBLICATION OF NPM DETENTION POPULATION DATA MAPPING PROJECT 2016-17

On 24 January 2018, the NPM published the results of a project to map the detention population across the UK between 1 April 2016 and 31 March 2017.

To perform its functions effectively, the NPM requires information about where and how many people are detained including in prisons, immigration centres, secure settings for children and young adults and psychiatric hospitals. To provide an overview of detention across every setting in the four jurisdictions of the UK, the annual data mapping project brings together existing population data and highlights what is missing. This year data has also been sourced on the number of deaths that occurred in or following detention across the UK.

NPM Chair John Wadham commented on the findings.

 

CPT REPORT ON DETENTION IN THE UK

On 19 April 2017, the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT) published a report which examines practices in police stations, prisons, immigration removal centres and mental health detention, after a visit to the UK from 20 March to 12 April 2016. NPM Chair John Wadham welcomes the report, which reflects many concerns of NPM members.